Two of the spices that most interested the Dutch East India Company were nutmeg, the seed of the nutmeg tree, and mace, the red covering of the nut; photo credit Yogita Mehra
Technically the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, the Dutch East India Company, (VOC) existed from 1602-1798. After the company was dissolved, the area that it had controlled became the Dutch East Indies, directly administered by the Dutch government.
Multatuli was the pen name of Eduard Dekker (1820-1887), a minor official in the Dutch East Indies, who published the novel Max Havelaar (1862) to expose the corruption and exploitation of the Dutch colonial regime in the East Indies.
Monument to Multatuli on the Torensteeg Bridge over the Singel Canal in Amsterdam. Photo credit wikimedia commons